Facial asymmetry is an alteration which is defined by a disharmony between the two sides of the face. That is, on the frontal vertical plane of the face, one of the sides appears decompensated in relation to the other. Perfect symmetry does not exist in humans. However, this does not mean that all patients are candidates for surgery, only those who present a degree of facial asymmetry that is evident to their social, professional and family environment.
Facial asymmetry is diagnosed:
- In the maxillary or mandibular region: when the maxilla or the mandible are overdeveloped or underdeveloped on one side of the face more than the other. This type of facial asymmetry is known as skeletal asymmetry.
- In any part of the face, whether in hard or soft tissue. This type of facial asymmetry is known as general asymmetry.
- In the teeth, when these are asymmetrically aligned. This type of facial asymmetry is known as dental asymmetry.