What is Facial Asimmetry and how is it treated?

Facial asymmetry is an alteration which is defined by a disharmony between the two sides of the face. That is, on the frontal vertical plane of the face, one of the sides appears decompensated in relation to the other. Perfect symmetry does not exist in humans. However, this does not mean that all patients are candidates for surgery, only those who present a degree of facial asymmetry that is evident to their social, professional and family environment.

Facial asymmetry is diagnosed:

  • In the maxillary or mandibular region: when the maxilla or the mandible are overdeveloped or underdeveloped on one side of the face more than the other. This type of facial asymmetry is known as skeletal asymmetry.
  • In any part of the face, whether in hard or soft tissue. This type of facial asymmetry is known as general asymmetry.
  • In the teeth, when these are asymmetrically aligned. This type of facial asymmetry is known as dental asymmetry.

The three conventional solutions to these problems are, respectively:

  • Bimaxillary orthognathic surgery, where the maxillofacial surgeon needs to operate on both the mandibular and the maxillary bone, or monomaxillary orthognathic surgery, where the surgeon acts on only one of the two skeletal structures. Depending on the case, orthognathic surgery should be accompanied by orthodontic treatment.
  • Bimaxillary or monomaxillary orthognathic surgery accompanied by aesthetic procedures such as rhinoplasty, blepharoplasty, cheek augmentation and mentoplasty.
  • Orthodontic treatment.

The solution to facial asymmetry, as with all the surgical operations we carry out at the Maxillofacial Institute, resolves both aesthetic and functional problems. Facial symmetry equates to beauty and harmony. Thus, when a face achieves harmony and symmetry among its features, it is more attractive. It also resolves functional problems such as pain in the temporomandibular joint and the discomfort when chewing experienced by some patients with an asymmetrical skeleton structure.

BARCELONA:
Centro Médico Teknon
Carrer Vilana, 12 (Off. 185)
08022 - Barcelona
Tel: +34 933 933 185 - Fax: +34 933 933 085
international@institutomaxilofacial.com

VALENCIA:
Hospital Quirónsalud de Valencia, en la consulta 4,
ubicada en la calle Artes Gráficas, 4.
Tel: +34 648 035 521
coordinacionvalencia@institutomaxilofacial.com